Helpful Links


  1.  "Bashar Assad Resignation Called For By Syria Sit-In Activists"The Huffington Post
  2.  "Pro-democracy protests sweep Syria, 22 killed". Reuters. 
  3. "Syrian Protestors Want a Regime Change"ABC News
  4.  "Violence erupts in Syria, Jordan; anti-government protestors shot, stoneDaily News (New York)
  5.  "Syria To Lift Decades-Old Emergency Law"Al Jazeera
  6.  "Hacktivism for Syria"Al Jazeera.
  7.  "Syrian uprising showing signs of armed rebellion"MSNBC
  8. "Assad's Alawites: An entrenched community"Al Jazeera
  9. "Syria's Alawites, a secretive and persecuted sect". Reuters
  10.  "Syria unrest: Damascus 'suicide blasts' kill dozens". BBC News. 
  11.  "Syrians stage sit-in to protest against EU sanctions on Syrian companies"Xinhua
  12. "Syria protests: Homs city sit-in 'dispersed by gunfire'"BBC
  13.  "Syria: Armed Opposition Groups Committing Abuses"Human Rights Watch
  14.  "Two Iranian pilgrims abducted in Syria released". Ahlul Bayt News Agency. 
  15.  "Syria's Assad ends state of emergency". Reuters. Beirut, Amman, Cairo
  16. "Decrees on Ending State of Emergency, Abolishing SSSC, Regulating Right to Peaceful Demonstration"Syrian Arab News Agency
  17.  "Syria has 30000 in detention"The Sydney Morning Herald. Agence France-Presse. 
  18.  "Syria releases 755 detainees – state TV"Trust. Reuters. 
  19.  "Syria releases 552 political prisoners"The Hindu. Associated Press (Chennai, India). 
  20. "Syrie : 265 détenus libérés" (in French). Europe 1
  21. "5,255 Detainees Set Free Due to Amnesty Decree No. 10 for 2012".Syrian Arab News Agency
  22.  "Syria holds local poll amid boycott calls"Al Jazeera
  23.  "In Syrian flashpoint town, more deaths reported"CNN
  24. "Stateless Kurds in Syria granted citizenship"CNN
  25.  "Syrian referendum on new constitution announced for 26 Feb.".Russia Today
  26.  "Defecting troops form 'Free Syrian Army', target Assad security forces"The World Tribune
  27. "Military defectors unite under Free Syrian Army"CNN.com
  28. "Syrian Rebels Plot Their Next Moves: A TIME Exclusive"TIME
  29.  "Violations Documenting Center" (in Arabic). Violations Documenting Center. 
  30.  "In Lebanon, a refuge for Syria's wounded". Associated Press. 
  31.  "Syria releases 500 political prisoners"USA Today
  32. "'Nearly 12,000' killed in Syria revolt". The Australian. 
  33.  "Syrian general: Hundreds of soldiers, police killed by armed gangs".CNN (Damascus). 
  1. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights
  2.  "Syrian army tanks 'moving towards Hama'"BBC News
  3.  "'Dozens killed' in Syrian border town"Al Jazeera
  4.  "'Defected Syria security agent' speaks out"Al Jazeera
  5.  "Syrian army starts crackdown in northern town"Al Jazeera
  6. "Syria's sectarian war goes international as foreign fighters and arms pour into country"The Independent (Antakya).
  7. "Arab League delegates head to Syria over 'bloodbath'"USA Today
  8. "Syria: Refugees brace for more bloodshed"News24
  9.  "Syrian Refugees May Be Wearing Out Turks' Welcome"NPR
  10.  "BBC News - Syria crisis: Turkey refugee surge amid escalation fear".BBC News
  11.  "UNICEF says 400 children killed in Syria unrest"Google News. Agence France-Presse (Geneva). 
  12. http://www.upi.com/Top_News/Special/2012/03/23/UNICEF-500-children-died-in-Syrian-war/UPI-69191332522535/
  13.  "UNICEF says 400 children killed in Syria"The Courier-Mail
  14. "Rights Group Says Syrian Security Forces Detained, Tortured Children: The Two-Way"NPR
  15. "Al-Jafari: Syria has Right to Protect its Citizen, Combat Terrorism and Armed Violence"Syrian Arab news agency
  16. Fahim, Kareem (5 January 2012). "Hundreds Tortured in Syria, Human Rights Group Says"The New York Times.
  17.  "Syria: Local Residents Used as Human Shields"Huffington Post
  18. "Open Letter to the Leaders of the Syrian Opposition Regarding Human Rights Abuses by Armed Opposition Members"Human Rights Watch
  19. "Syria crisis: Qatar calls for Arabs to send in troops"BBC News
  20.  "NATO rules out Syria intervention"Al Jazeera
  21.  "Arab League Votes to Suspend Syria"The New York Times
  22.  Notes from the Minefield: United States Intervention in Lebanon and the Middle East, 1945–1958. Columbia University Press. p. 98
  23.  "Syria escalates attacks against demonstrators"The Seattle Times
  24. "Protests In Syria Pose Challenges for the U.S."NPR
  25.  "International Outcry Grows Over Syria Crackdown"The New York Times
  26.  Landler, Mark (26 March 2011). "Chaos in Syria and Jordan Alarms U.S."The New York Times.
  27. George, Alan (2003). Syria:Neither Bread nor Freedom. New York, NY: Zed Books. pp. 56–58. ISBN 1-84277-213-9.
  28. "Syria protests: The forgotten decades of dissent"BBC News
  29.  "No Room to Breathe: State Repression of Human Rights Activism in Syria"Human Rights Watch 
  30. "Syria Smothering Freedom of Expression: the detention of peaceful critics". Amnesty International
  31. "The Damascus Declaration for Democratic National Change"
  32. Brandon, James (21 February 2007). "The PKK and Syria's Kurds".Terrorism Monitor (Washington, DC: The Jamestown Foundation) .
  33. Isseroff, Ami (24 March 2004). "Kurdish agony – the forgotten massacre of Qamishlo"MideastWeb
  34. "International Religious Freedom Report 2006". US State Department
  35.  "Syrian Crisis Tests the Mettle of Its Autocratic Ruler"The New York Times (Cairo)
  36.  "Syria Kurd leader vows to keep up democracy struggle"The Jerusalem Post.
  37.  "Is Syria The Next Egypt?"Fox News.
  38. "US will not intervene in Syria as it has in Libya, says Hillary Clinton".The Guardian (London). 
  39. "Youth Exclusion in Syria: Social, Economic, and Institutional Dimensions". Journalist's Resource.
  40. "World Report 2010 Human Rights Watch World Report 2010", p. 555.
  41. "Syria". Amnesty International. 2009
  42. "Q&A: Syrian activist Suhair Atassi"Al Jazeera
  43. "Syrian human rights record unchanged under Assad, report says"The Guardian (London).
  44. Human Rights Watch World Report 2005 Events of 2004Human Rights Watch 2005. ISBN 1-56432-331-5.
  45. "Red lines that cannot be crossed"The Economist
  46. "Bashar Al-Assad, President, Syria". Reporters Without Borders.
  47.  "Interview With Syrian President Bashar al-Assad"The Wall Street Journal.
  48.  "Syria Strongman: Time for 'Reform'".The Wall Street Journal
  49. "International unity needed on Syria: Clinton"Google News. Agence France-Presse (Washington). 
  50. "أبرز محطات الثورة السورية خلال الأيام الماضية.wmv"Al Jazeera
  51.  "Information on the death of a young man who burned himself in Al Hasakah". free-syria.com
  52. "Syrian suicider is "Hasan Ali Akleh". Damascus has banned a demonstration in support of Egypt"Middle East Transparent
  53.  "Demonstration in Ar-Raqqa, Syria". free-syria.com
  54.  "'Day of Rage' Protest Urged in Syria"MSNBC.
  55.  "Demonstration on the day of anger in Hasaka and Syrian authorities arrested dozens". free-syria.com
  56. "Syria: 'A kingdom of silence'"Al Jazeera
  57.  "Syria clamps down on dissent with beatings and arrests"The Guardian (London)
  58. "The Youth of Syria: The Rebels Are on Pause"Time
  59.  "Is Syria the next domino?"Al Jazeera
  60.  "Middle East unrest: Syria arrests Damascus protesters"BBC News
  61. "25 March 2011 Syrian Protests"NOW LebanonAgence France-Presse
  62.  Shadid, Anthony. "Syria"The New York Times
  63. "Syria 'to lift emergency law'"Al Jazeera
  64.  "Syrian cabinet resigns amid unrest"Al Jazeera
  65. "Syria's Assad warns of 'conspiracy'"Al Jazeera
  66. "At least 10 killed in Syria"Ynetnews
  67. "Syria: government troops in violent reaction to fresh protests"The Daily Telegraph (London).
  68.  "Thousands in Syria march toward Damascus demanding further reforms"Haaretz. Associated Press. 
  69.  "Almost 90 dead in Syria's bloodiest day of unrest". Reuters
  70.  "Syrians hold 'Great Friday' protests"Al Jazeera
  71.  "Syria Live Blog – 22 April"Al Jazeera
  72. "Syria sends tanks into Deraa where uprising began". Reuters
  73. "Toll rises as army storms Syrian towns"Al Jazeera
  74. "Scores killed on Syria's 'day of rage'"Al Jazeera
  75.  "Fresh Violence Hits Syrian Town"Al Jazeera
  76.  "Video, Syria: Troops Storm Damascus Suburb and Arrest Hundreds of People"Sky News
  77. "Syrian Tanks Enter 'Protest Hub' Baniyas"Al Jazeera
  78. "Syrian army tanks 'moving towards Hama'"BBC News
  79. "Syria mourns 11 soldiers killed by "armed groups": SANA"People's Daily
  80.  "Child Reported Killed as Syrian Forces Crack Down"MSNBC
  81.  "Shallow grave yields several bodies in Syrian city marked by unrest".CNN
  82. Syrian refugees describe gangs fomenting sectarian strife, Christian Science Monitor, 
  83. ^ "Syria: 'Armed gangs' killed 120"The New York Times and Washington Post via The Seattle Times
  84.  "'Many killed' amid fresh Syria protests"Al Jazeera
  85. "Syrian army reports finding mass grave". United Press International. 
  86. "European powers step up pressure on Syria"Al Jazeera.
  87. "The Syrian army will massacre us"BBC News
  88.  "A French Journalist in Dara'a, Syria's 'Ghetto of Death'"Time
  89. "Syrians protest despite Assad promises on reform"Euro News
  90.  "Syria unrest: Protests in Aleppo as troops comb border"BBC News
  91. "Protesters attack U.S. Embassy in Damascus"CBS News.
  92.  "Syria: Assad no longer legitimate, says Clinton"BBC News
  93.  "UN Debates Resolution Condemning Syria As Unrest Continues".Voice of America. 2 
  94. "Syria's Assad Replaces Defense Minister, Arab Nations Recall Envoy".Voice of America. 8 
  95.  "Tank, navy attack on Syria's Latakia kills 26-witnesses". Reuters. Amman
  96.  "Syrian forces kill seven protesters as Muslims celebrate first day of Eid"Al Arabiya
  97.  "Syria security forces 'open fire at Kurd's funeral'"BBC News
  98. "Syria uprising stirs old divisions in neighboring Lebanon"Jerusalem Post.
  99.  "Hezbollah has no role at Syria's crackdown on protesters"Dp-news.com
  100.  "WikiLeaks: U.S. secretly backed Syria opposition"CBS News.
  101.  "Life in Syria’s Capital Remains Barely Touched by Rebellion"New York Times
  102.  "Syria: What motivates an Assad supporter?"Global Post
  103. "UN: More Syrian soldiers defect to opposition"Al Jazeera
  104.  "Syria to allow Arab monitors, 100 dead in violence". Times of India. Beirut. 
  105. "Syria Reports Suicide Bomber Attacks in Damascus"The New York Times.
  106. "40 die in Damascus suicide blasts"The Independent. Associated Press (London).
  107. "Syria blames al-Qaeda for twin suicide attacks in Damascus; at least 44 dead"Al Arabiya
  108.  "Syrian president predicts 'triumph'"CNN
  109.  "Russia, China oppose ‘forced regime change’ in Syria; Lavrov warns of ‘bigger drama’"Al Arabiya
  110.  "Syrian embassies in London and Cairo attacked over Homs massacre"The Guardian
  111.  "Free Syrian Army claims responsibilty(sic) for twin Aleppo blasts".France 24
  112.  "30 dead in Syria as UN calls for truce"Sky News
  113.  "UN: Both sides in Syria are violating the truce"CBS News
  114. “Cracks emerge in Syrian opposition amid ongoing anti-government protests”France 24.
  115.  “Any given Friday”Foreign Policy.
  116.  "Gulf Nations to Pay Syrian Rebel Salaries, US Offers Non-Lethal Support"Voice of America (Istanbul)
  117.  "Coalition of Factions From the Streets Fuels a New Opposition in Syria"The New York Times.
  118.  "Free Syrian Army Partners with Opposition: What's Next for Syria?"International Business Times
  119.  "Ranks of Free Syrian Army 'gaining strength'"Al Jazeera
  120.  "Q&A: Nir Rosen on Syria's armed opposition"Al Jazeera
  121.  "Syrian Opposition Call for No-Fly Zone"Turkish Weekly
  122. "Syrian army defectors hit intel complex"Ynet News. Reuters. 
  123. "Syrian army defectors 'attack air force base'"Al Jazeera
  124.  "Official Says Syria Has the Upper Hand Over Protests"The New York Times.
  125. "Syrian forces, rebels clash inside Lebanon -residents"Trust. Reuters. 
  126. "Protests Across Syria Despite Military Presence"The New York Times.
  127. "As Arab Spring continues, black markets boom"Al Jazeera
  128.  "Tribal justice blamed for deaths of 120 Syrian police and soldiers"The National
  129.  "Syria to send in army after 120 troops killed". Reuters
  130.  "Has Syria's peaceful uprising turned into an insurrection?"Christian Science Monitor.
  131. "Foreign media overstate Syria death toll"PressTV
  132.  "New Republic: Will Kurds Determine Syria's Fate?"NPR.
  133. "In Syria, Kurds Split Over Support for Assad Regime"Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting
  134. "Who backs Syria's Assad? Top 4 sources of support"Christian Science Monitor. "Syrian police open fire on Kurdish rally"The News
  135.  "Syria's Kurds: are they about to join the uprising against Assad?".Kurdish Globe
  136.  "Assad’s Devious, Cruel Plan to Stay in Power By Dividing Syria—And Why It’s Working"TNR.
  137.  "Analysis: Assad retrenches into Alawite power base". Reuters. 
  138. "Armored Syrian forces storm towns near Turkey border". Reuters. Amman
  139. "Forces Deploy in Syrian City Homs, People Defiant"Reuters India
  140.  "French Journalist Killed in Syria on Official Trip"NPR. Associated Press (Beirut). 
  141.  "Mideast church leaders worried about Christians if Syria has civil war".Catholic News
  142.  "The Great Alawite Hope"Townhall
  143. "Syrian Refugees: Itching for a Fight with Assad and His Regime"Time magazine
  144.  "Syria's slide towards civil war"BBC
  145. "Clinton says it will take time to help stabilize Egypt, start new pages in Syria, Yemen"660 News. Associated Press (Washington D.C.)
  146. "Assad Slaughtering Syrian Christians". Stonegate Institute. Retrieved 
  147. "Fides Service - ASIA/SYRIA - The Jesuits: "Christians have fled from Homs, not thrown out by Islamists"". Fides.org
  148. "The Global Dangers of Syria's Looming Civil War"The Atlantic
  149. "Proxy War in Syria Threatens Catastrophe for the Middle East". Global Research
  150.  "Iran’s Achilles’ Heel"The New York Times (Jerusalem)
  151. "Israel and Syria unrest: Israel quietly roots for Bashar Assad to retain power in Syria"Los Angeles Times
  152. "Israel's ex-spy chief sees opportunity in Syria crisis"Los Angeles Times
  153. "U.S. secretly backed Syrian opposition groups, cables released by WikiLeaks show"The Washington Post.
  154.  "Syrian army kills ten "terrorists", arrests 499"Xinhua News Agency
  155.  "Syrian dissidents convene in Turkey to discuss regime change".France 24. Agence France-Presse. 
  156.  "Syrian dissident colonel takes refuge in Turkey"The Guardian. Associated Press (Beirut)
  157. "NATO Rules Out Syria Action"Voice of America
  158.  "Tunisia "to withdraw recognition" of Syria government"Reuters
  159.  "Assad takes a page out of Russia's book in his war against rebels"Haaretz
  160.  "Canada Reduces Staff at Embassy in Syria". Canada International
  161. "Hamas Supports Syrian Opposition".The New York Times.
  162.  "Hamas denies rupture of diplomatic relations with Syria"Russia Today
  163. "Top U.S. intelligence officials confirm al Qaida role in Syria"McClatchy Newspapers
  164.  "Ayman al-Zawahri, Al-Qaeda Chief, Urges Muslims To Help Syrian Rebels"Huffington Post
  165.  "Clinton: Arming Rebels is Supporting Al Qaeda"Israel National News
  166.  "Syria Permits U.N. Visits, but Escalates Its Attacks"The New York Times.
  167.  "Syria deputy oil minister resigns to join opposition"BBC News.
  168.  "Syrian border guards repel Islamic incursion"Voice of Russia
  169.  "Lebanon halts ship with arms 'destined for Syria'"France 24.
  170.  "Turkish PM Erdogan tells Syrian refugees: 'your victory is not far off'".The GuardianReuters
  171.  "Russia Repeats Western Mistakes in Arab Spring". Human Rights Watch. 
  172.  "Syria's al-Assad gaining strength under U.N. moves, experts say".CNN
  173.  "China veto on Syria was gesture to Russia"Jerusalem Post
  174. ^ Barry, Anya (9 February 2012). "Adding Fuel to Syria's Fire". FPIF. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  175.  "Israel is backing Assad, claims Syrian Muslim Brotherhood official in scathing interview"The Times of Israel
  176.  "How Iran Keeps Assad in Power in Syria". Inside Iran. 
  177.  "Iran helping Syrian regime crack down on protesters, say diplomats"The Guardian (Damascus)
  178.  "Iran agrees to fund Syrian military base"The Telegraph (London).
  179.  "Obama Condemns 'Outrageous' Syria Violence, Iran Aid"Google NewsAgence France-Presse
  180.  "'Iran, Hezbollah assisting in Syria protest suppression'"Jerusalem Post
  181.  "Hamas abandons Syria, Hezbollah stays on"Tabeer.
  182.  "Iran denies supporting Syria in dealing with protestors"Tehran Times(Tehran). 
  183. "Iran warships enter Mediterranean via Suez Canal"BBC
  184.  "Exclusive: Venezuela ships fuel to war-torn Syria: traders". Reuters
  185.  "Venezuela to ship more fuel to Syria as crackdown spreads". Reuters
  186. "The firm that keeps heating fuel flowing to Assad's Syria". Reuters
  187.  "Russian Anti-Terror Troops Arrive in Syria"Atlantic Council
  188.  "Weapons being smuggled both ways between Lebanon and Syria: U.N. envoy". Al Arabiya News. 
  189.  "Violence rages in Syria despite high-level diplomacy"CNN
  190. "Syrian authorities detain national identity Adnan Mustafa Abu Ammar". free-syria.com
  191. "Egypt-Inspired Protests Gain Pace Across Region". Reuters.
  192.  "Syria arrests opposition leader as protests continue"CNN
  193. "Troops Open Fire on Syrian Protesters"The Wall Street Journal
  194.  "Al Jazeera journalist missing in Syria"Al Jazeera
  195.  "Al-Jazeera: Dorothy Parvaz free after Syria detention"BBC News
  196.  "Syria attacks 'media fabrications' by showing 'beheaded' woman alive on TV"The Guardian(London)
  197.  "U.S. Accuses Virginia Man of Espionage at Syria Protests"New York Times
  198. "U.S. raps Syria over claim of photographing D.C. demonstrations"Haaretz Daily Newspaper
  199.  "Details and translation of the leaked wanted suspects list from Syrian security"Tabeer
  200. "Syria Restores Access to Facebook and YouTube"The New York Times.
  201.  "Syrian forces beat up political cartoonist Ali Ferzat"The Guardian (London).
  202.  http://blogs.aljazeera.net/liveblog/london-apr-19-2012-2016
  203. "Amnesty cites murder, torture, rape, mutilation in Syria"Al Arabiya
  204.  "Assad's thugs are raping and impregnating women in Syria"The Daily Telegraph.
  205. "Syria: In Search of the Rape Victims Among the Refugees"Time.
  206.  "Syrian refugees tell of rape, murder and destruction"BBC News.
  207.  "Women Under Siege: Documenting Sexualized Violence in Syria." https://womenundersiegesyria.crowdmap.com/
  208.  "Syrian mourners call for revolt, forces fire tear gas". Reuters.
  209.  "Syria to free child prisoners"Al Jazeera.
  210.  "President al-Assad Issues Decree on Discharging Governor of Daraa from His Post"Syrian Arab News Agency.
  211.  "Syrian authorities release 260 prisoners – lawyer". Reuters.
  212.  "Assad orders review of Syrian laws"Al Jazeera.
  213.  "Syria Reverses Ban on Islamic Face Veil in Schools"Al Arabiya. Associated Press (Damascus).
  214.  "Assad attempts to appease minority Kurds"Al Jazeera.
  215.  "Syrian Kurds to enjoy citizenship rights"Voice of Russia.
  216.  "Syria to lift emergency law"Al Jazeera.
  217.  "President al-Assad address the New Government"DayPress(Damascus).
  218.  "Syria to lift decades-old emergency law"Al Jazeera.
  219.  "Cabinet: Comprehensive Plan for Reform in Various Fields, Employment Programs in Private Sector"Syrian Arab News Agency.
  220.  "Draft Reform Law in Syria Fails to Mollify Protesters"New York Times.
  221.  "Syria's Assad grants general amnesty 'for uprising crimes'"Russia Today.
  222.  "Syria to hold referendum on new draft constitution"Metronews.ca.
  223.  "Syria holds vote on constitution"The Daily Star.
  224.  "Syria parliament election 90 days after new constitution". Reuters.
  225.   "Massive pro-Assad rallies in Syria".The Hindu (Chennai, India).
  226.  "Syrian uprising spread after troops kill at least five"The Guardian (London).
  227.  "Damascus show of support for Syrian President Assad"BBC News.
  228.  "Syrians flee imminent assault on town"Al Jazeera.
  229.  "Assad issues amnesty in bid to woo public". United Press International.
  230.  "12 rights groups in Syria demand end to emergency"Google News. Agence France-Presse (Damascus). 8 March 2011.
  231.  "Opposition leader Ribal Al-Assad is optimistic to changes in Syria".Elaph.
  232.  "Assad's exiled cousin warns Syria risks civil war"NOW Lebanon. Agence France-Presse.
  233.  "Syria's deputy oil minister defects"AlJazeera.,com.
  234.  "Saudi Arabia withdraws ambassador from Syria"BBC.
  235.  "EU condemns 'unacceptable' repression in Syria"Middle East Online.
  236.  "UN chief slams Syria's crackdown on protests"Al Jazeera.
  237.  "Canada condemns violence in Yemen, Bahrain, Syria"Google News. Agence France-Presse.
  238.  "Obama Condemns 'Abhorrent Violence' of Syrian Gov't"Ynetnews. Reuters.
  239.  "Russia, China Veto Syria Sanctions".Huffington Post.
  240.  "Russia urges Syrian opposition to end violence"RIA Novosti.
  241.   "Meet Syria's Opposition"Assyrian International News Agency.
  242.  "Syria’s armed opposition chiefs form military council to unite ranks"Al Arabiya.

Additional information